Personal, Social, Health, and Relationships Education through ‘JIGSAW’ at St Francis.

All schools are required to deliver a PSHE and Relationships Education (at primary level) curriculum.

At St Francis, we now deliver these important lessons through JIGSAW: a teaching and learning programme which includes statutory RSHE, and has a strong focus on emotional and mental health and well-being.

Consistent with our school policy, we focus on Relationships Education, and do not currently teach Sex Education (conception). This is part of the KS3 Science curriculum and will be covered in high school.

Relationships Education became a statutory (legal) requirement from September 2021. Parents do not have a right to withdraw their child from Relationships Education.

What do we mean by Relationships Education?

We define Relationships Education in accordance with the DfE Statutory Guidance:-

‘The focus in primary school should be on teaching the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of relationships, with particular reference to friendships, family relationships and relationships with other children and with adults.’

What must Primary Schools teach in relation to Relationships Education, Health Education and Sex Education?

From September 2021, Relationships and Health Education are compulsory in all primary schools in England. For primary aged children this includes curriculum content under two headings (DfE 2019):

Relationships Education

Health Education

Families and people who care for me

Caring Friendships

Respectful Relationships

Online Relationships

Being Safe

Mental Wellbeing

Internet safety and harms

Physical health & fitness

Healthy Eating

Drugs, alcohol and tobacco

Health and prevention

Basic First Aid

Changing adolescent body


This DfE guidance clearly states the statutory requirements, i.e. what children MUST be taught by the end of primary school. Health Education includes learning about ‘the changing adolescent body’ to equip children to understand and cope with puberty.

The National Curriculum for Science (also a compulsory subject), includes learning the correct names for the main external body parts, learning about the human body as it grows from birth to old age and reproduction in some plants and animals. (but not conception, in animals or humans).

National Curriculum Science: Primary School

– Learning objectives relating to human health and development

Key Stage 1

Key Stage 2

Year 1: identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Year 2: notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults

-find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)

-describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.

Year 3: identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat

-identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Year 4: describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans

 -identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple function

Upper Key Stage 2

Year 5: describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Year 6: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

 - recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

 - describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.


So, Relationships Education, Health Education and Science are compulsory subjects and parents/carers do NOT have the right to withdraw their children from these subjects.

We will be sending you an overview of what is taught in each year group. JIGSAW is organised into a theme for each half term. As well as seeing what your child is learning this year, you can scan ahead and see what comes next. This will help you to see the progression in children’s learning skills. You will notice that we start with children’s own interpersonal skills, self-awareness, and self-respect. Relationships Education is essentially about how we see and treat ourselves and others.

Your child may have already told you about ‘Calm Me’ Time or the cuddly Jigsaw character that belongs with their year group. They may have told you some of the things they have been learning about.

We will provide further information about the curriculum content via School Gateway due to Jigsaw copyright policies.



Our school council worked hard to create an overview of how we teach British Values at school. They presented this to Governors.

British Values at St Francis

Children's Rights

© Copyright 2019–2022 St Francis RC Primary School